Austin and 30 Different Markets Are At Danger of Value Declines. Did Your Market Make the Record?

As rising rates of interest and declining affordability have lowered housing market demand, a correction (a modest decline in housing costs) has been looming for months. On a nationwide scale, housing costs are nonetheless up nearly 7.7% year-over-year, however different indicators level to a housing market that’s beginning to right, in addition to a potential admission from the Fed themselves

On this article, I’ll dive into a number of strategies for measuring housing market well being, determine metrics to observe, and label particular markets which might be on the highest threat of seeing worth declines within the coming months. 

Market Knowledge

When wanting on the well being of the housing market, we might study many datasets and methodologies. For the needs of this text, I’m going to take a look at three datasets: 

  • 12 months-over-year (YoY) knowledge (what occurred in July 2022 in comparison with July 2021) 
  • Month-over-month (MoM) knowledge (what occurred in July 2022 in comparison with June 2022)
  • Stock (what number of properties are actively listed on the market at a given time limit).

These present a superb steadiness of long-term traits, short-term modifications, and forward-looking knowledge. 

12 months-Over-12 months Knowledge

In regular occasions, YoY knowledge is the easiest way to measure progress in housing costs as a result of one, housing knowledge is seasonal, and two, it measures long-term traits. Housing costs observe the same sample yearly—they peak in the summertime and decline over the winter—which means that evaluating January’s knowledge to June’s just isn’t useful. 

median home price 2014-2019
Median House Value (2014-2019)

The chart above demonstrates this idea nicely. Clearly, housing costs have been constantly trending upwards from 2014 to 2019, despite the fact that yearly, housing costs fell from Could to February. If we have been to take a look at costs from Could 2016 to January 2017, it will present falling costs, despite the fact that the market was trending upwards. 

Once more, because of this we have a look at YoY knowledge, as a result of what occurred between July 2022 and July 2021 exhibits the long-term traits. And as talked about above, YoY costs on a nationwide degree are nonetheless +11%. Of the highest 250 markets in the USA, zero have seen YoY worth declines. Not one!

median sales price growth
Median Gross sales Value YoY Change (2012-2022) – Redfin

Having the median dwelling worth enhance 11% YoY is an enormous quantity in historic contexts however does signify a big cooling from the absurd progress charges we noticed in 2020 and 2021. For context, in the course of the Nice Recession, housing costs fell YoY for a number of years in a row, with costs falling greater than 10% YoY in 2009.

So, in immediately’s market, the expansion charge of housing costs within the U.S. is returning to regular, however because the chart above exhibits, it’s nonetheless nicely above historic norms. And though costs are nonetheless up YoY, we are able to study one thing from how YoY knowledge is trending. In a number of the nation’s hottest markets, YoY progress has fallen very quick, with Austin, Texas, main the way in which. 

median sales price change austin
Median Gross sales Value YoY Change (Austin, Texas, 2012-2022) Redfin

Austin grew at about 45% YoY final summer time and is now all the way down to about 11%. It’s nonetheless rising on a YoY foundation, however to me, the speedy charge of deceleration represents threat to the Austin housing market. Austin is seeing its charge of progress fall sooner than another market. 

Different markets which might be seeing comparable patterns are Seattle, Sacramento, Phoenix, San Jose, Boise, and San Diego, to call a couple of. Testing the speed of change in YoY progress charges is a useful factor you are able to do to raised perceive your market. 

Month-Over-Month Knowledge

As I mentioned above, throughout a secure housing market, I personally consider YoY knowledge to be crucial, and don’t spend an excessive amount of time on MoM knowledge. However, throughout markets in transition, just like the one we’re in at the moment, MoM knowledge will be useful.

When inspecting the highest 250 markets, the overwhelming majority are nonetheless seeing will increase, however 31 of them did see declines. San Jose, California, noticed the steepest drop at -2.7%, however the common among the many 31 markets in decline was modest at simply -0.64% MoM. Right here’s a listing of the 31 markets inside the high 250 that noticed declines:

Market MoM % Change
San Jose, CA -2.70%
Austin, TX -1.62%
Reno, NV -1.26%
San Diego, CA -1.23%
Santa Cruz, CA -1.06%
San Francisco, CA -0.93%
Boulder, CO -0.91%
Seattle, WA -0.90%
Provo, UT -0.89%
Salt Lake Metropolis, UT -0.83%
Ogden, UT -0.81%
Portland, OR -0.78%
Denver, CO -0.65%
Boise Metropolis, ID -0.61%
Atlantic Metropolis, NJ -0.57%
Ventura, CA -0.50%
Vallejo, CA -0.50%
Phoenix, AZ -0.42%
Spokane, WA -0.35%
Stockton, CA -0.34%
Los Angeles-Lengthy Seaside-Anaheim, CA -0.33%
Medford, OR -0.32%
Pittsburgh, PA -0.30%
Colorado Springs, CO -0.27%
Visalia, CA -0.16%
Santa Rosa, CA -0.13%
Lincoln, NE -0.12%
Greeley, CO -0.12%
Sacramento, CA -0.09%
Riverside, CA -0.08%
Worcester, MA -0.06%

Then again, some markets have stored rising! For instance, Miami grew 2.35% MoM. As I’ve mentioned for months, I consider the most probably state of affairs over the approaching months is that some markets will continue to grow, and a few will decline. To this point, that appears to be the case. 

When MoM knowledge, bear in mind that is only a single month and thus, doesn’t make it a development. Costs do are inclined to peak in early summer time and begin to come down, and it’s far too early to know if this implies we’ll see YoY declines in any of those markets (or extra) within the coming months. That is one short-term knowledge level that must be thought-about alongside different knowledge. 

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The 2 datasets we’ve checked out to date, 12 months-over-12 months, and Month-over-Month, are each backward-looking. Useful, in fact, however many people need to know what may occur subsequent. To that, we have to flip to a dataset that tends to foretell the long run efficiency of housing costs: stock. 

Stock measures what number of homes are on the market at a given time and is an effective measure of the connection between provide and demand. When stock is low, it’s a vendor’s market, and costs are inclined to rise. When stock is excessive, it’s a purchaser’s market, and costs are typically flat or decline. 

As you’ll be able to see within the chart beneath, stock is extraordinarily low in a historic context. Usually, we’d count on nicely over 1.5M listings, however we’re nonetheless beneath 1M. 

inventory national
All Houses for Sale (2012-2022) – Redfin

That is essential as a result of, as I’ve written about extensively earlier than, if housing costs are going to come back down, stock must not less than strategy historic ranges. Clearly, from this chart, that’s not occurring on a nationwide degree but. However the development appears to be heading in that course. 

Take a look at this chart that exhibits stock progress YoY. For a lot of the pandemic, stock was falling constantly, however now we’re seeing it rise quickly on a year-over-year foundation. 

all homes for sale change
All Houses for Sale YoY Change (2012-2022) – Redfin

Once more, we’re nonetheless removed from regular, however stock is trending upward. It is a key metric to observe to know the course of the housing market within the coming months, on each a nationwide and regional degree. 

Notably, some markets are seeing stock ranges recuperate to pre-pandemic ranges. This means that these markets are at a excessive threat of seeing YoY worth declines (which once more, we haven’t but seen in any markets) within the coming months or years. 

Not too long ago, San Francisco grew to become the primary market to formally return to pre-pandemic ranges. San Jose is true behind and simply 1% beneath pre-pandemic ranges, with Las Vegas, Phoenix, and Austin, heading that manner as nicely. Beneath you’ll be able to see an instance of Phoenix, Arizona. 

all homes for sale phoenix
All Houses for Sale (Phoenix, Arizona, 2012-2022) – Redfin

To me, if you wish to know what is going to occur in your housing market within the coming months, take a look at stock and days on market. If they begin approaching pre-pandemic ranges, the chance of worth declines on a YoY foundation rises considerably. 

What This All Means

After all, we don’t know which markets will decline, however hopefully the above knowledge helps you perceive what is occurring. To supply extra context, we are able to have a look at forecasts created by Moody’s Analytics, which predict worth progress between now and the tip of 2023. 

In accordance with Moody’s, three cities in Florida are poised for the best declines: The Villages, Punta Gorda, and Cape Coral. Of these, Moody’s predicts The Villages to say no by 13%. That’s an enormous quantity! However bear in mind, that’s for the riskiest metropolis. Keep in mind, within the Nice Recession, costs fell 20% nationally!

Moody’s additionally predicts comparatively giant drops in Reno (-8%), Austin (-7%), San Diego (-6.5%), and Boise (-6.2%).  

Then again, Moody’s forecast means that some cities will develop. On high of that record is Albany, Georgia (+10%), Casper, Wyoming (+8%), New Bern, North Carolina (+7.6%), Augusta, Georgia (+7.2%), and Hartford, Connecticut (+7%). 

Once I have a look at all this knowledge in mixture, I consider the principle takeaways to be:

  • I nonetheless consider the most probably state of affairs is that some markets decline within the coming yr or so, whereas others proceed to develop, simply extra modestly than over the previous few years.
  • Although some markets are exhibiting weak spot, I nonetheless don’t consider a “crash” is probably going, and on a nationwide degree, worth declines of over 10% aren’t wanting probably.
  • Markets which might be on the best threat appear to be:
    • On the western half of the nation
    • Noticed huge appreciation during the last two years
    • Have rising stock and days on market 
    • Had been large migration sizzling spots in the course of the pandemic
    • Have the bottom affordability.  

The markets that proceed to indicate up and, to me, carry the best dangers, are: 

  • Austin, Texas
  • Boise, Idaho
  • Phoenix, Arizona
  • Las Vegas, Nevada
  • Reno, Nevada
  • Fort Myers, Florida
  • Denver, Colorado
  • Salt Lake Metropolis/Provo, Utah
  • Spokane and Seattle, Washington

Then again, cities that proceed to indicate power are: 

  • Hartford, Connecticut
  • Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • Virginia Seaside, Virginia  
  • Chicago, Illinois
  • Albany, New York
  • Honolulu, Hawaii
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

So, as you navigate the transitioning market, maintain these items in thoughts. You’re most likely going to see a number of sensationalist headlines within the coming months, however you need to maintain observe of this knowledge for your self. You are able to do so on numerous web sites like Redfin and, and naturally, I’ll maintain publishing my analysis and articles like this on the BiggerPockets weblog recurrently. 

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An enormous thanks to Pooja Jindal for her assist researching this text! 

Be aware By BiggerPockets: These are opinions written by the creator and don’t essentially signify the opinions of BiggerPockets.

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